Thyroid Disease Treatment

Thyroid disease is a common disease and can result from conditions that cause over-or under-function of the thyroid gland.


  • When the gland produces too much thyroid hormone, the condition is known as hyperthyroidism.
  • When the gland does not function sufficiently, there is too little thyroid hormone produced (hypothyroidism).

Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid) Symptoms and Signs

Hypothyroidism is a deficiency of thyroid hormone, which normally is made by the thyroid gland.

Hypothyroidism symptoms and signs include:
  • Goiter (enlarged thyroid gland)
  • Poor appetite
  • Eye and face swelling
  • Increased blood cholesterol levels
  • Irregular or heavy menstrual periods
  • Coarse hair or hair loss
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Muscle aches and cramps
  • Constipation
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  • Dry, rough skin
  • Deeper and/or hoarse voice
  • Enlarged tongue
  • Depression
  • Slowed thinking and mental activity

Hyperthyroidism or an overactive thyroid can be caused by a condition known as Graves’ disease, Inflammation of the thyroid gland (known as thyroiditis), or by tumors that secrete thyroid hormones.

Symptoms and signs of Hyperthyroidism:
  • Nervousness, tremor, agitation
  • Reduced menstrual blood flow in women
  • Racing heartbeat or palpitations
  • Skin thinning
  • Irritability
  • Increase in appetite, feeling hungry
  • Sweating
  • Poor concentration
  • Heat intolerance
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as more frequent bowel movements
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland
  • Brittle hair


At, Goldleaf ENT Center, we provide management and treatment of thyroid through medical and surgical treatment.